Diagnostic Tools

Receiving a diagnosis of autism is often one of the first steps a family goes through in better understanding their child’s needs. We provide various supports to help parents navigate this process, such as screening for autism risk as well as ADOS-2 assessments that can be reviewed by treating physicians. 

 

If you have questions about the diagnostic process, we can help.

Schedule ADOS-2

Screening Tools

For Children 3 and Under:

For Children 4 & Up:

Diagnostic Tools

Receiving a diagnosis of autism is often one of the first steps a family goes through in better understanding their child’s needs. We provide various supports to help parents navigate this process, such as screening for autism risk as well as ADOS-2 assessments that can be reviewed by treating physicians.

 

If you have questions about the diagnostic process, we can help.

Schedule ADOS-2

Screening Tools

For Children 3 and Under:

For Children 4 & Up:

We Accept Most Insurance Providers

*in select states

What is ADOS-2?

Gold Standard

ADOS-2 is a gold standard diagnostic tool used to help assess Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The ADOS-2 evaluates the key indicators of ASD, including communication, social interaction, and restricted and repetitive behaviors.

Play-based

The ADOS-2 is very natural and play-based. It’s not like going to a doctor’s appointment. A variety of specific toys are used along with standard activities that make the assessment.

l

Scoring

Following the assessment, the clinician summarizes the results and sends them to the treating doctor for use in diagnostic determination. The results of the ADOS-2 will not constitute an ASD diagnosis.

 

What is ADOS-2?

Gold Standard

ADOS-2 is a gold standard diagnostic tool used to help assess Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The ADOS-2 evaluates the key indicators of ASD, including communication, social interaction, and restricted and repetitive behaviors.

Play-based

The ADOS-2 is very natural and play-based. It’s not like going to a doctor’s appointment. A variety of specific toys are used along with standard activities that make the assessment.

l

Scoring

Following the assessment, the clinician summarizes the results and sends them to the treating doctor for use in diagnostic determination. The results of the ADOS-2 will not constitute an ASD diagnosis.

 

 

 

 

M-CHAT
Screening Tool

The M-CHAT™ (Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers) is a parent-report screening tool to assess the risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In approximately 10 minutes, parents can complete the 20 questions and receive an autism risk assessment for their child.

Age of Child: The M-CHAT is most appropriate for children between the ages of 16-47 months.

M-CHAT
Screening Tool

The M-CHAT™ (Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers) is a parent-report screening tool to assess the risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In approximately 10 minutes, parents can complete the 20 questions and receive an autism risk assessment for their child.

Age of Child: The M-CHAT is most appropriate for children between the ages of 16-47 months.

Child Autism Spectrum Test (CAST)

The Childhood Autism Spectrum Test or CAST (formerly the “Childhood Asperger’s Syndrome Test”) is a parent questionnaire that assesses for symptoms of autism and social communication problems.

The questionnaire was developed by the ARC (the Autism Research Centre) at the University of Cambridge, for assessing the severity of autism spectrum symptoms in children. It has proved to be a good test for screening autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and social communication problems.

While diagnosis of typical autism will usually occur in early childhood, Aspergers syndrome and other pervasive developmental disorders may be missed until much later.

The Childhood Autism Syndrome Test (CAST) allows detection of such cases which may need further assessment.

At ABC we use the CAST to screen for autism related symptoms in children 4 and older.

Insurance Providers

You have enough on your plate. ABC will work with your insurance provider to help make therapy affordable to your family. Our support team of insurance experts do the processing paperwork so you don’t have to. We are able to offer ABA therapy services to patients with a variety of health insurance plans, including:

Child Autism Spectrum Test (CAST)

 

 

 

Insurance Providers

You have enough on your plate. ABC will work with you and your insurance provider.  ABC will help you understand your insurance coverage and out of pocket. We are able to offer ABA therapy services to patients with a variety of health insurance plans.

We Accept Most Insurance Providers

*in select states

Resources

Scientific Research Articles and Abstracts

  1. Lovaas, O. Ivar. “Behavioral Treatment and Normal Educational and Intellectual Functioning in Young Autistic Children.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1987.
  2. McEachin, J., et al. “Long-Term Outcome for Children with Autism Who Receive Early Intensive Behavioral Treatment.” American Journal on MR, 1993.
  3. Cohen, H., Amerine-Dickens, M., and Smith, T. “Early Intensive Behavioral Treatment: Replication of the UCLA Model in a Community Setting.” Journal of Developmental Pediatrics, 2006.
  4. Sallows, G., Graupner, T. “Intensive Behavioral Treatment for Children with Autism: Four-Year Outcome and Predictors.” American Journal on MR, 2005.
  5. Peters-Scheffer, N., Didden, R., Korzilius, H., Sturmey, P. “A Meta-Analytic Study on the Effectiveness of Comprehensive ABA-based Early Intervention Programs for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2011.
  6. Roberts, J., et al. “A Randomised Controlled Trial of Two Early Intervention Programs for Young Children with Autism: Centre-based with Parent Program and Home-based.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2011.
  7. Foxx, R. “Applied Behavior Analysis Treatment of Autism: The State of the Art.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2008.
  8. Zachor, D., Ben-Itzchak, E., Rabinovich, A., Lahat, E. “Change in Autism Core Symptoms with Intervention.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2007.
  9. Hayward, D. “Assessing Progress During Treatment for Young Children with Autism Receiving Intensive Behavioural Interventions.” Autism, 2009.
  10. Jensen, V., Sinclair, L. “Treatment of Autism in Young Children: Behavioral Intervention and Applied Behavior Analysis.” Infants & Young Children, 2002.

Websites

Autism Speaks
www.autismspeaks.org

Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB)
www.bacb.com

Families for Early Autism Treatment
www.feat.org

National Autism Center
www.nationalautismcenter.org

The National Institute of Mental Health – Autism
www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-asd/

National Autism Association
www.nationalautismassociation.org

Autism Science Foundation
www.autismsciencefoundation.org

Organization for Autism Research (OAR)
www.researchautism.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/

The Autism Society
www.autism-society.org

American Academy of Pediatrics
www.aap.org

Books

Let Me Hear Your Voice
by Catherine Maurice

The Way I See It 
by Temple Grandin

How to Think Like a Behavioral Analyst
by Jon Bailey and Mary Burch

An Early Start for Your Child with Autism
by Sally Rogers, Geraldine Dawson, and Laurie Vismara

Applied Behavior Analysis (Second Edition)
by John Cooper, Timothy Heron, and William Howard

Ten Things Every Child with Autism Wishes You Knew
by Ellen Notbohm and Veronica Zysk

Thinking Person’s Guide to Autism
by Shannon Des Roches Rosa, Jennifer Byde Myers, Emily Willingham, and Carol Greenberg

The Reason I Jump: The Inner Voice of a Thirteen-Year-Old Boy With Autism
by Naoki Higashida

Uniquely Human: A Different Way of Seeing Autism
by Barry M. Prizant

101 Games and Activities for Children With Autism, Asperger’s and Sensory Processing Disorders
by Tara Delaney

Resources

Scientific Research Articles and Abstracts

  1. Lovaas, O. Ivar. “Behavioral Treatment and Normal Educational and Intellectual Functioning in Young Autistic Children.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1987.
  2. McEachin, J., et al. “Long-Term Outcome for Children with Autism Who Receive Early Intensive Behavioral Treatment.” American Journal on MR, 1993.
  3. Cohen, H., Amerine-Dickens, M., and Smith, T. “Early Intensive Behavioral Treatment: Replication of the UCLA Model in a Community Setting.” Journal of Developmental Pediatrics, 2006.
  4. Sallows, G., Graupner, T. “Intensive Behavioral Treatment for Children with Autism: Four-Year Outcome and Predictors.” American Journal on MR, 2005.
  5. Peters-Scheffer, N., Didden, R., Korzilius, H., Sturmey, P. “A Meta-Analytic Study on the Effectiveness of Comprehensive ABA-based Early Intervention Programs for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2011.
  6. Roberts, J., et al. “A Randomised Controlled Trial of Two Early Intervention Programs for Young Children with Autism: Centre-based with Parent Program and Home-based.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2011.
  7. Foxx, R. “Applied Behavior Analysis Treatment of Autism: The State of the Art.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2008.
  8. Zachor, D., Ben-Itzchak, E., Rabinovich, A., Lahat, E. “Change in Autism Core Symptoms with Intervention.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2007.
  9. Hayward, D. “Assessing Progress During Treatment for Young Children with Autism Receiving Intensive Behavioural Interventions.” Autism, 2009.
  10. Jensen, V., Sinclair, L. “Treatment of Autism in Young Children: Behavioral Intervention and Applied Behavior Analysis.” Infants & Young Children, 2002.

Websites

Autism Speaks
www.autismspeaks.org

Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB)
www.bacb.com

Families for Early Autism Treatment
www.feat.org

National Autism Center
www.nationalautismcenter.org

The National Institute of Mental Health – Autism
www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-asd/

National Autism Association
www.nationalautismassociation.org

Autism Science Foundation
www.autismsciencefoundation.org

Organization for Autism Research (OAR)
www.researchautism.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/

The Autism Society
www.autism-society.org

American Academy of Pediatrics
www.aap.org

Books

Let Me Hear Your Voice
by Catherine Maurice

The Way I See It 
by Temple Grandin

How to Think Like a Behavioral Analyst
by Jon Bailey and Mary Burch

An Early Start for Your Child with Autism
by Sally Rogers, Geraldine Dawson, and Laurie Vismara

Applied Behavior Analysis (Second Edition)
by John Cooper, Timothy Heron, and William Howard

Ten Things Every Child with Autism Wishes You Knew
by Ellen Notbohm and Veronica Zysk

Thinking Person’s Guide to Autism
by Shannon Des Roches Rosa, Jennifer Byde Myers, Emily Willingham, and Carol Greenberg

The Reason I Jump: The Inner Voice of a Thirteen-Year-Old Boy With Autism
by Naoki Higashida

Uniquely Human: A Different Way of Seeing Autism
by Barry M. Prizant

101 Games and Activities for Children With Autism, Asperger’s and Sensory Processing Disorders
by Tara Delaney